...:::... ETIPER IN AGRICULTURE ...:::...
PROPERTIES OF ETIPER
- ETIPER provides to be aired of soil with total
porously over % 90 and with aired porously in
surroundings %60, arranges drainage.
- ETIPER increases infiltration, lessens
- ETIPER doesn't bear weed seed and illness because
of it is inorganic.
- ETIPER doesn't create any problem with regard to
saltiness and alkaliness because of ions will be said
as less as ions, which can dissolve, will be said
- ETIPER arrangements easily pH of environment being
neutral (pH=6,5-7,5) and with low chemical buffer.
- Because of its heat conductivity is low, ETIPER
reduces being damaged from daily heat changes of plant
- Not spoiling Building of ETIPER brings 6 year
using luck in rapid succession after sterilization.
ETIPER is used by success as soil regulator in
greenhouses, aid substance in seedling mortars and as
cultivation environment in agriculture, which isn't
soil, with its arrnged in order these properties.
1. ETIPER AS MAKING SEED SPROUT AND SEEDLING
is very suitable environment for making vegetable and
flower seeds sprout. ETIPER, which had been humidified,
is filled to cases or flowerpots, which had been
prepared with this aim. Later, it is moistened
completely. Seeds are sown to some deeper than been
accustomed to this environment. Seedlings are held up to
taking a view parallel to place opening complete
cotyledon leafs on seed sowing places. It is not
necessary to add food substance from the outside because
of seed used food, is in own constitution, at this
period. While seedlings is in view of this, it is taken
pains to be transplanted. Because being fringed begins
on root which is pile after this period. Delay in
transplanting causes to loss of root at dismantling
time. Dismantled seedlings are usually transplanted to
plastic sacks. As plastic sacks can be filled with a
mortar which get ready from Perlite
- Torf mixture in 1:1
proportion, can be only filled with Etiper too. 600 gr.
P2 O5, 400 gr. K2O, 300 gr. N, 100 gr. Mg are added to 1
m3 of Perlite -
Torf mixture before be put to sacks. There is
watered condition with food solution as for seedlings in
sacks which is pure perlite. This application has been
usually suggesting for raising seedling directed to
greenhouse production. Biggest superiority as making
seed sprout environment of ETIPER arises from not being
loss of root with being put out from nothing bruising of
seedlings at planting time. Using for years is possible
with being sterile and protecting its property. Being
Coarse has been required of ETIPER,
which is used as making seed sprout environment.
2. ETIPER AS ROOTING ENVIRONMENT
Whether ETIPER is alone or with other mortar
materials which is mixed; ETIPER is used with success
in being roted of flower, vegetable and fruit
- If cases, which were done of folding, had been
only filled with perlite, being humidified of perlite
and being let into humid perlite of banishments before
all else, being held humid of perlite as continuous,
these will be enough for this aim.
- ETIPER as rooting environment can be mixed in
proportions up to 9:1 from 1:1 with an organic
- If being found of soil is wanted in environment,
too, 5 scale perlite, 1 scale organic material and 1
scale middle constitution soil mixture, which had been
sterilized, is recommended.
- Big importance bears being watered as continuous
and orderly of folding environment, being hot and
humid of environment.
- More healty root is got with being the particles
which are coarse of perlite which will be used as
- Providing big profit provides by being avoided as
for being included a period from taking vegetable
seeds which is very expensive with being made
production with seedlings which are got from tomato
and cucumber banishments alongside of being got a
wonderful rooting environment with ETIPER.
3.ETIPER AS RAISING ENVIRONMENT
It is possible seeing great many benefits of ETIPER
whether it is in culture which is soil or which isn't
ETIPER IN CULTURE WHICH IS SOIL
ETIPER is used as soil regulator or as water losses
lessener according to requirement of soil in culture
which is soil. In a good soil regulator; conditionals
like being high served water capacity, going too far
base change and heat capacity, being low salt quantity
and heat permeability are searched. All of these are
properties which are found in perlite.
- ETIPER prevents coming into being cream layer,
cracking, become a puddle, swelling and being
gathered because of drainage and aired properties
when ETIPER is mixed to heavy and sticky soils.
- Perlite, which is used IN GREENHOUSES as soil
regulator, has been increasing as it has a rough
Building won to soil, water holding power of soil and
served of nourishment substances.
- It is possible, wanted direction change of
physical properties which are more important than
chemical properties for greenhouse soils with ETIPER.
Using water can be lessened half and half when ETIPER,
that is the particles of which are large on 4-5cm
thickness, is spread out on top of pillows in
greenhouses which is done watering from bottom and
drop watering. Top section of greenhouse soil had been
mixed with 1:4 proportion Coarse ETIPER in a research
which is done in Ege University Agriculture Faculty.
Tomatos in normal greenhouse soil had been watered 21
times although watering was done 6 times between
02.11.1971 -26.05.1972 dates to tomatos which is
raised here. Seeing that ETIPER has been caused a big
saving as water loss and work power. (Sevgican 1972)
ETIPER IN CULTURE WHICH IS NO SOIL
Agriculture applications, which is no soil, had
begun to eliminate met problems in greenhouse soils
which get tired by going in recent years. Agriculture
applications, which is no soil, are seen in reached
proportions to %95s in great many countries. ETIPER
can be mixed with other mortars like torf, sand, bark
as ETIPER can be used alone in these applications.
- ETIPER or mortar, which is perlite, has been
spreading at 10-15 cm thickness onto a black plastic
cloth, which is spread out on greenhouse soil, in
culture which is no soil and seedlings have been being
planted with evident intervals onto this layer which
is spread. Water and nutrient substance requirements
of plants, which are done planting, are met with food
solutions and done waterings.
- Other an application plants; have been raising in
sacks, which is 5-10 litres volume, had been filled
with ETIPER or an another mixture, which is ETIPER.
This raising shape is very easy, too. Because
production; consists of arranging in order these sacks
with evident intervals onto black plastic clothes
which had been spread on soil again and of meeting
water, nutrient substance requirements with food
solutions of plants.
We can arrange thus superiorities of culture which
is no soil:
- Dose of food substances and water can be adjusted
- Turn of sowing, is important, comes to unimportant
condition in agriculture which is soil.
- Problems which arise from foreign weeds with
illness and harmfuls, which is soil source, can be
lessened on a large scale.
- Economy is provided from water on a large scale
for leaking and evaporation losts can be lessened.
There isn't requirement to soil processing, washing,
disinfecting and manuring operations, which require
big occupation and spending in greenhouses, for soil
which is not being put into use.
- Agriculture fields has been more become widespread
for not remain requirement to soil.
ETIPER ON LAWN FIELDS AND ON SOIL FIELDS
Etiper is peerless soil regulator for lawn soils on
track with gardens, parks, football and golf fields.
Lawn on soil, which get caught with outside effects or
with being stepped, becomes. Even disappears.
- Front part of problems, which is become silt and
lake like lived long of lawns with Etiper, can be
- Leaf domain of lawn has been widening, leaf and
root number have been increasing with Etiper. Getting
caught in soils, which is chewed, is lessened half and
- ETIPER application is same chewed and not chewed
lawns: mixture in 5 cm thickness is obtained by being
mixed ETIPER in 2,5 cm thickness to soil in 2,5 cm
thickness. ETIPER is heated up before it is applied.
Lawn seed is sowed after mixing operation. Upper
surface, as for possibility100 gr/m2 powder limestone
is spread out with 4-5 kg/m2 farm manure which had
burnt. If commercial manure will be used instead of
farm manure, 50 gr/m2 ammonium nitrate which is % 26 ,
65 gr/m2 super phosphate which is %18 and 15 gr/m2
potassium sulfate mixture is applied with evident
intervals. Whichever a change isn't done in watering
- ETIPER Standard or ETIPER Super Coarse are used on
- ETIPER is mixed to soil in homogeneous shape, lawn
roller is pulled previous history of first shape and
cutting is done with scissors. It has been applying
with aim providing elasticity to soil and with aim
being got soft ground as for application IN SOIL
FIELDS. Aim has been reaching with applied ETIPER
under top ground in soil field. ETIPER has been
constituting %30 of all field in arranging field.
ETIPER AFTER PRODUCTION
ETIPER is used with success in insulation of storing
and keeping buildings because of its peerless
insulation property; in carrying because of lightness
and again insulation property, in being packaged of
onions and in storing of long annual ornament plants.
For example, using can be suggested in insulation of
outside and distance division walls with providing aim
heat insulation of mushroom raising foundations; in
insulation of heating and cooling pipes.
What Is Perlite ?
to be used?
In the roofs
On the walls